The testimony

The following is testimony was given by me at the hearing at DOT today, May 29th, regarding the new rules covering e-bikes: The flowering, here in its most natural and needed environment, of human-powered, with modest electric assistance, and human-scale transportation, is the best remedy for the damage inflicted by 100 years of control of […]

The most accessible vehicle

The most accessible vehicle ever The Next-Braking Wave-FormThis is a series of vehicle designs for Pedicabs that can carry three passengers, the legal limit, as well as people in wheelchairs and cargo. Also shown is a number of configurations of weather-protected tricycles, operated by both arm and leg power and equipped with small electric-assist motors. […]

The Max

Built to the size permitted by the NYC Department of Consumer Affairs 55” x 120”. (Coincidentally, perhaps ironically, these numbers are the speed limits on most NYS roads and the claimed maximum speed of most large motorcars.) In actuality, this vehicle will not travel at more than 12 MPH, the speed of an ordinary bicycle. […]

The Four Wheeler

The simplest design possible with privacy windows as well as clear, (all of the models shown may enjoy this feature) as well as a stable four-wheel configuration, although current State law defines a bike as a two or three-wheeled vehicle. This is obviously an arbitrary distinction that prevents the design of the safest and most […]

The Cube

Minimal but very flexible Accessible from both sides when the vehicle is alongside the sidewalk and from the back as well. Equipped with ramps that are at the same level as the sidewalk. It is very easy to use. Seating and windows are folded away and deployed when needed. The operator is in his or […]

The Tube

One version allows the rider to determine his posture when moving, from standing straight up to sitting or leaning or even practically lying down. Since maximum visibility is needed to provide safety, conspicuous extensions are deployed above the vehicles, aided by LEDs, to make certain that trucks, vans, buses, and cars are able to be […]


By providing a common framework it is possible to provide for a number of these units to be arranged in tandem and alongside one another or both. Users may also choose to determine their posture when moving. Unlike Industrial Scale Vehicles, Human-Scaled vehicles can provide for a high degree of flexibility in their configuration and […]